Ghanaian Culture

In the traditional Ghanaian culture, the first step in the marriage process is called the “knocking on the door”… The man’s parents and elder relatives or his mother and brother or sister (as in the Asante tribe), will approach the girl’s family on his behalf by “knocking on the door” of her family’s house to ask for permission from them to allow him to court her.

Traditional Akan Weddings

Prior to the wedding ceremony the groom is required to send gifts to the bride which include clothing and wedding jewelry, a mat, a stool and a trunk box. On the day of the actual wedding, the groom will send delegates to the bride’s house to escort her over to his home. A libation is poured out before she leaves her home and her brothers (or male relatives) will demand what is known as a “brother-in-law’s knife”… This is essentially another payment that has to be paid and paid up the bride is permitted to leave her parent’s house.

Smiling Peul (Or Fula) Woman Balancing Calabash on Her Head, Djenne, Mali

Smiling Peul (Or Fula) Woman Balancing Calabash on Her Head in Djenne, Mali

Other Traditional Weddings in Ghanaian Culture

In traditional Asante weddings, money and gifts were also exchanged before the bride was handed over to her new husband. Of note, receipt of this payment also meant that the husband automatically assumed legal paternity of all their children.

Among the Anlo Ewe, the bride is sequestered from everyone but a few elderly female relatives for several months prior to the wedding. On the day she was finally handed over to her new husband after her seclusion, her parents would cover her body with powder as a symbol of her allegiance to her new husband. She would then be handed over to her new husband.

Salt does not praise itself
Ewe (Ghanaian) proverb

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